Importance Of Adult Education
The utmost important need of today is the education of adults. With about 83 percent population of India is illiterate how can we think of achievement of independence. The problems of adult education have become very important. More than half of the adult illiterates of the world live in our country.
Democracy without education has no meaning. An adult is the part and parcel of our society. In a democratic country, people should be able to know of their rights and duties. The progress of family depends on adults. An educated adult will be able to educate his children also. Some methods which we adopt for the children cannot BE SUCCESSFUL FOR EDUCATING ADULTS. The material used for the education of the adults should also be according to their age, which will otherwise be quiet useless and meaningless to them. Lessons should be arranged and taught in such a way that adults may feel an increase in their knowledge. When they come out of the class they feel that they have acquired some knowledge.
An adult has not grown up a child but something different. So the approach of education should also be different. Psychology has shown that man learns from the cradle to the grave Psychology of an adult is quite different from that of a child. Crops and cattle social cultural and religious functions games and sports should be the starting point of education for adults. They can be given education innovation. We can have better results through teaching aids and devices like cinemas shows, TV, radios, games, songs cinema slides and dances.
The main motive of adult education programs and classes
According to Raymond Wlod Kwokski, every person wants to gain education for four main principles such as Inclusion, attitude, meaning, competes.
Inclusion means learn positive social climate as well as learns respects for others through education.
Attitude means learns powerful human behavior as well as learn how to control negative feelings and emotions.
Meaning means fully involved in their task till they get achievements in targets.
Competes means develop confidence and learn how to interact with others and to apply competency in their real life.
Characteristics of adult learners
Adult learners have good maturity level and their image is good in front of other eyes. But adult learning and teaching process fall into the subordinate position. Sometimes a lot of adults face difficulty at a beginning level and having a lot of fear of failure in their mind and they think that it is unable for them to get learning process. But with the passage of time, they learn how to deal with a situation and they understand they are a lot of importance of adult education. According to Jenry Rogers, Adults are self-dependent, having positive ideas and beliefs towards life. So it is hard for them to accept that reality they are taking classes to move further in their life and for having the bright career in future.
But on the flip side, adults know the importance of adult education in their life. So they have inner desire to acquire something new, a capability to understand the responsibility towards their life. Adults are self-dependent as well as self-directed attitude towards their life. So they do not depend on others to show directions in their life. They only believe in the mission of life. They only target their goals and goals oriented. They believe in results and results oriented. They are aware of which things they have to focus and what they want to acquire in their life. In their minds, they have specific results for education.
Adults only believe in logic. They are an aware lot of importance of adult education. So they always try to learn with reasons and facts. They believe in practical studies. They always find the reasons why something happened and what is the basic reason for it. They believe that education is fit for their work as well as helps in future to fulfill their basic needs of life. They believe in practical life and behavior so they focus on the various aspects of lessons. Aspects of lessons mean that they know that how lessons of education will prove useful for their job in future.
Adults have already acquired a lot of experience and wealth of knowledge so they treated accordingly in their life. They want to achieve learning that connects with previous knowledge and experience.
Moreover, adults are more careers oriented and disciplined in their life they know the importance of adult education. Adults always follow disciplined in their life as compared to teenagers. They have to select appropriate activities by using their intellect and to learn the whole process consciously.
Motivational factors that promote adults learning
There is a lot of motivational factors that promotes adults for learning. Adults want promotion in their life so for this purpose they take classes to clear the exams. People want to raise their standard of living and for higher status as well as for personality development they take classes.
Adults want to make new friends and believe in social relationships so they want to acquire education.
Mostly adults fed up from the hectic lifestyle and they feel that learning process protects us from daily routine work. It saves us from the boredom of life.
Every person has inner desire to fulfill the expectations of a company with formal authorities that are only possible with education.
Every person wants to earn money so they prefer adult education. Every person wants to participate in the brotherhood and communities work and want to do efforts to do something beneficial for mankind it is only possible with good education.
Adults have cognitive interest to receive new information and search new knowledge for its own sake.