Everyone is aware of the horrors of plant diseases, and the infamous potato blight in Ireland is still fresh in our memories. Plants suffer a lot of bacterial attacks during their lifetime. Technically speaking, pests are easier to control than bacteria and fungi, because one can use pheromone treatment to make sure that the breeding in the pests is stopped. This technique works wonders and has become very popular among farmers and plant growers because this is a natural tweaking of biology and does not affect the environment adversely. Treating of bacteria can be a bit harder, because once affected, the plant starts to wear down pretty quick. Let us now look at a few bacterial diseases in plants.
This technique works wonders and has become very popular among farmers and plant growers because this is a natural tweaking of biology and does not affect the environment adversely. Treating of bacteria can be a bit harder because once affected, the plant starts to wear down pretty quick. Let us now look at a few bacterial diseases in plants.
Here is a list of bacterial diseases in plants that might give you an idea how bacteria affect plants:
- The woody plants like rose trees or fruit trees are often affected by what is called the crown gall. A light colored gall forms on the body of the plant and blocks the pathway through which the plant takes up nutrients from the soil to its leaves. Thus, the food supply is cut off and the plant starts to become dry and finally dies. These galls gradually harden and fall off, but this makes way for more galls to form on the body of the plant. Thus, the nutrients and water is sucked off until the plant dies. The worst thing is that there is no real cure for this disease, and you can only do your research and grow plants that are resistant to this disease. You can even consult a botanist and grow a resistant variety of plants to prevent this disease.
- The bacterial leaf spot can affect almost any plant. These bacteria form dark, water laden spots near the leaves. The leaves then develop yellow colored halos. The worst thing that can happen to the plant at this point of time is rainfall. In case of a rainfall, the spots tend to coalesce and the infection turns more severe. Ultimately, the affected leaves fall off, thus cutting off the food supply of the plant. The best way to prevent this disease is spraying fungicides that are based on copper. The plants must be watered regularly and you must make sure that there are no decomposing bodies near the plant. This can turn out to be fatal because these bacteria spread real fast.
- A fire blight is one of the worst things among the list of bacterial diseases that can happen to the plant. The bacterial infection starts at the flowers and affects the faster growing plants more severely. The affected areas turn black and the infection spreads to the rest of the plant.
Bacterial diseases in plants can be controlled the best by using mobile-based technologies to make the growers alert of the symptoms of the diseases. These applications must also connect the grower to experts so that he can have expert opinion whenever he wants.